It first appeared from 1969 to 1981; it folded, but was resurrected in 1992. Charb was the most recent editor, holding the post from 2009 until his death in the attack on the magazine's offices in 2015. His predecessors were François Cavanna (1969–1981) andPhilippe Val (1992–2009). The magazine is published every Wednesday, with special editions issued on an unscheduled basis.
Due to controversial Muhammad-themed cartoons published in 2011, the magazine has experienced two terrorist attacks: a firebombing in 2011, and a shooting attack in 2015.